Although we as a society use batteries all the time, many of us probably don’t understand exactly how those batteries work. Batteries are so dependable and handy that most people don’t see the need to know what’s going on inside the power source! However, a basic understanding of the inner workings of batteries can be extremely useful. By studying how a battery works, you can use it more safely and easily identify when there’s a problem, whether you’re using industrial batteries or commercial batteries.
The Basic Components
There are many different types of batteries, but one of the most common types is lead-acid. Industrial batteries are frequently lead-acid batteries, but some commercial batteries also use this technology. Lead-acid batteries include the following elements:
- A plastic container. This container has to be highly resilient in order to contain the energy stored within a battery.
- Plate separators, which are usually made of porous, synthetic material.
- Lead terminals, which provide a connection point between the battery and the item that it powers.
- Positive and negative internal plates, generally composed of lead.
- Battery acid. Also known as electrolyte, battery acid is a solution that contains sulfuric acid and water.
Putting It All Together
Once these various components are assembled correctly, the battery can begin to store electricity. A chemical reaction is created which produces voltage when the positive and negative plates are immersed in the battery acid. The energy produced by this reaction is released as electricity whenever the battery is connected to an item that creates a circuit between the positive and negative sections of the battery.
It is important to be aware of safety when interacting with industrial batteries and commercial batteries. Whenever you are doing any kind of serious work with lead-acid batteries, remove all of your jewelry and your watch because they might cause a problem if something goes wrong with the battery.
Another thing to consider is what to wear when dealing with batteries. If a battery is charging, it can explode and send battery acid everywhere. Use safety goggles to protect your eyes from any explosions. In addition, choose polyester clothing, because battery acid will cause cotton clothing to melt.
Time for Maintenance
Especially if you are dealing with industrial batteries, it is important to clean batteries frequently. Clean batteries with a mixture of baking soda and water in order to avoid any problems caused by dirt. Get your battery checked regularly as well if you’re using an industrial battery.
In order to improve the lifespan of your battery, it is important to follow several maintenance rules for both industrial and commercial batteries. For instance, allowing your battery to sit unused will often reduce the battery’s ability to take and hold a charge. When the weather is warm, it may take as little as 24 hours for a problem to arise. Make sure to monitor the temperature of the room where your battery is stored so that it doesn’t get ruined by extreme temperatures!
What are your best safety tips related to the use of lead-acid batteries?